Injury Trends Fact Sheet
Safe Kids USA is a national organization dedicated solely to the prevention of unintentional childhood injury, the leading killer of children ages 14 and under. The US has witnessed an overall reduction in unintentional injury-related mortality in the past two decades. Safe Kids USA has supported research, development, and implementation of various preventative safety programs to meet these injury needs through a network of 300 coalitions and 16 member countries including the United States.
Unintentional Injury-Related Death Rates
- In 1987, there were 7,986 unintentional injury deaths among children less than 14 years of age. In 2004, there were 5,359 unintentional injury deaths among children less than 14 years of age.
- From 1987 – 2004 there has been a 43 percent decrease in unintentional injury deaths rate.
The number of unintentional injury deaths for leading causes among children
less than 14 years of age has deteriorated from 1987 to 2004:
Injury Prevention Efforts
Child Safety Seats
- All 50 states and the District of Columbia have child restraint laws. In 40 states and D.C., all children less than 16 years of age are covered by either safety belt laws or child restraint laws.
- As of November 2006, 38 states and the District of Columbia have upgraded their child restraint laws requiring the use of booster seats or other appropriate child restraint device by children as old as 9 years of age.
- Twenty-one states, the District of Columbia and over 140 localities have enacted some form of mandatory child bicycle helmet legislation; more than half of the laws cover children less than 15 years of age.
- Eight states and Washington, D.C. now require children to wear a helmet while participating in other wheeled sports (e.g., scooters, inline skates, and skateboards) since the launch of Safe Kids.
Fire and Burns
- All national and regional code-making bodies have amended their plumbing code language to require anti-scald technology and a maximum water heater temperature of 120 degrees Fahrenheit in all newly constructed residential units